WOOD PACKING RESTRICTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING OF OCEAN FREIGHT - ISPM 15 RULES (as a guide only)
Wooding packing restrictions in international shipping, also known as ISPM 15 rules, apply to shipping of international ocean freight. ISPM 15 rules relate to prevent the spread of plant pests and diseases throughout the world, when shipping international ocean freight using packing materials and supply containing wood. These international shipping regulations have been originated by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC - https://www.ippc.int/). ISPM 15 rules apply to international shipping of ocean freight that contains wood-packaging material: wooden pallets, wooden crates, dunnages, drums, wood cases etc.
ISPM 15 requires that all international ocean freight shipments using any species of raw wood packaging must be fumigated or heat treated, prior the international shipping, to kill insects or fungus. All wood-packing materials used in international shipping must be stamped with the approved by IPPC stamp, prior the international shipping. International ocean freight shipments that contain wood-packing materials will be checked in respect of compliance with the ISPM 15 regulations before to be allowed to enter to or crossing through a participating to IPPC country.
Below are samples of stamps on wooden pallets used used in international shipping that indicate the ISPM 15 rules compliance.
ISPM 15 stamps show to international shipping companies and origin and destination countries authorities that solid wood packaging material using in international shipping of ocean freight have been treated to comply with ISPM 15 regulations. Non-compliance with the ISPM 15 rules may result serious problems in your international shipping. If your ocean freight shipment does not meet the ISPM 15 regulations, then it may be refused to the international shipping or turned back or destroyed at the destination unless re-packed and/or fumigated.
Avoid problems related to ISPM 15 rules in your international shipping. Think ahead. It is important to understand that basically the ISPM 15 rules regulate ONLY international shipping of freight that contains NON-MANUFACTURED WOOD PACKING MATERIALS (also called solid wood packing material or SWPM).
Non-manufactured wood packing materials in respect of international shipping using ocean freight services are defined as "wood packing other than that comprised wholly of wood-based products such as plywood, particle board, oriented strand board, veneer, wood wool, etc., which has been manufactured using glue, heat, and pressure or a combination thereof".
The easiest way to avoid problems related to the ISPM 15 rules is just DO NOT USE NON-MANUFACTURED WOOD PACKING MATERIALS in your international shipping. PACK YOUR CARGO WITH CARDBOARD, PLYWOOD, VENEER ETC ONLY or DO NOT USE WOOD IN YOUR PACKING AT ALL. USE PLASTIC SHIPPING SUPPLIES.
When you pack your goods for the international shipping by sea, keep in mind the following:
NOTE: the ISPM 15 regulations in international shipping using ocean freight services fall down into two key areas: the international shipping itself and international shipping documents that must be submitted to the ocean freight. What types and forms and how many documents are required exactly for your international ocean freight shipment varies from country to country.
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