Warehouse Entries, Bonded Warehouses in International Shipping

Bonded Warehouse in international shipping is an excellent method of storing internationally shipping merchandises without paying duty on it until it is necessary. Bonded Warehouse in international shipping is a facility goods are kept in Customs Bond, in Custom Custody, duty have not been paid and the international shipping goods had not been entered into U.S. Commerce.

To get internationally shipping goods into a Bonded Warehouse the same entry forms must be filed (CF3461 and 7501) EXCEPT in the entry code block must be put 21, i.e. Bonded Warehouse Entry,

Bonded Warehouse Entries for international shipping REQUIRE BOND OF 2 (TWO) TIMES OF THE AMOUNT OF DUTY AND TAXES. Not for full value of the internationally shipping goods. Bonds can be either single or continuous.

TIME LIMIT IS 5 YEARS FROM THE DATE OF IMPORT.No extensions. If 5 years are exceeded, the international shipping goods considered as involuntarily abandoned shall be transferred into General Order Warehouse.

There is no duty if international shipping goods entered into BW and then exported. However DUTY RATE FOR CONSUMPTION ENTRY IS ON THE DATE WHEN THE GOODS HAD BEEN WITHDRAWN FROM THE Bonded Warehouse. NOT ON THE DATE of entry in the BW.

In both cases importer put on the bottom left-hand corner of entry a notification:

  1. What is the Bonded Warehouse;
  2. How many have been withdrawed;
  3. How many left.

When it reaches 0 (zero) the words must be typed "Final Withdraw".

Restrictions on BONDED WAREHOUSE in international shipping:

  1. No perishable international shipping goods;
  2. No explosives for international shipping;
  3. Dangerous goods can only be stored with an approval from the Bonded Warehouse insurance company.

Condition for Bonded Warehouse is STORAGE ONLY! If importer repacks, sorts, tests it etc, a CF 3499 "Permit to Manipulate"must be issued  in order to do so. Example: Combine small pieces int a unit.

Classes of Bonded Warehouses (19.1)
One Bonded Warehouse can handle multiply classes itself.

  1. Governments warehouses;
  2. Importer's private warehouses for exclusive storage only;
  3. Public warehouses used exclusively for storage;
  4. Bonded yard for heavy bulk materials;
  5. Bonded yards and elevators for storage of grain;
  6. Manufacturing warehouses for manufacturing in bond. Solely for export of the finished products. It MAY NOT be entered in the U.S.;
  7. Smelting and Refining warehouses for metal and ore materials for export or domestic consumptions;
  8. Manipulation warehouses, bonded for the purpose of clearing, sorting, re-packing; but NOT for manufacturing imported goods; and
  9. "Duty free stores" as in airports.
  10. Reserved

 

RE-WAREHOUSING in BONDED WAREHOUSE:

Internationally shipping goods can be moved from one Bonded Warehouse to another. Use CF 7501 with cod 22 (re-warehouse) and do not use 3461.

  1. If it is within the same port then file CF 6043 (Delivery Notice);
  2. If to different ports, then:
    a. CF 7512 Withdraw for transportation and exportation in the Bonded Warehouse where the goods is going out and;
    b. CF 7501 with code 22 (re-warehousing) at a destination Bonded Warehouse.

Important: When re-warehousing you DO NOT have to pay HARBOR MAINTENANCE FEE at the destination warehouse, because the fee already had been paid at the first warehouse.

The minimum for removal:

Internationally shipping goods CAN BE SOLD while in the Bonded Warehouse. However when the new owner of the goods is ready to withdraw the goods from the warehouse must get RIGHTS TO WITHDRAW from the seller.

Internationally shipping goods in Bonded Warehouse are sorted by:

  1. Entry #;
  2. Unique Identifier #. SKU - Stock Keeping Unit.

Bonded Warehouse requires Inventory Control System. It can be manual (book) or automated (computer).
At any time when Customs comes for spot check it must be able to track:

DIFFERENT TYOES OF KEEPING INVENTORTY: Bonded Warehouse must notify customs by letter what method it uses:

  1. FIFO - First in - First out;
  2. LIFO - Last in - First out.

DISCREPANCIES in BONDED WAREHOUSE for international shipping:

Extraordinary shortages must be reported to Customs and paid within 20 days of the following month in which the shortage had been discovered.
- Extraordinary shortages is $100 or more in duty and taxes per entry OR 1% or more of the total value of the entry.
- If it is NOT an Extraordinary shortages (small ones) then it will be paid when 300 REPORT is filed, which is every year.

DAMAGES: You CANNOT write damages off on your own. You must write a letter to customs and held in site until Customs will write it off (Example: keep necks of sealed broken international shipping bottles).

If Customs wrote the damages off you are then not liable for the duty. Customs will decided whether or not they would like to see a proof of the damages.

Form 300 Report:

This is the report, which shows Bonded Warehouse activity within one physical year.
It must be filed within 45 days of the Bonded Warehouse physical year (does not have to be end of calendar year).

Penalty is $100 per day after those 45 days.

Bonded Warehouse can use an alternative format if they got the approval from Customs or reconciliation report and 300 report. It must be filed within 19 days after the end of physical year.

Actually Bonded Warehouse does not have to send the 300 Report to Customs. Just write a letter that the report is done and the Bonded Warehouse is open for the inspection.

 

When you bring international shipping items into Bonded Warehouse, the Bonded Warehouse opens PERMIT FILE FOLDER for the 7501. The documents file in the folder as duplicates of entry activity until the entry gets to 0 (zero) balance. When it reached its zero balance you submit it to Customs for liquidation of the entry.

APPLYING FOR A STATUS OF BONDED WAREHOUSE (for the permit):

You can bond JUST A PART, but not entire warehouse.

Customs have right to take off Bonded Warehouse permits for:

Un-bonding a part of Bonded Warehouse can be allowed by Customs for period of tom 1 (one) year (Temporary un-bond).

 
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